Blueberry River Indian Band v. The Queen (1995)

"In 1916 the Beaver Band of Indians entered into a treaty with the Crown. In exchange for surrendering aboriginal title, the Band was given a parcel of land in British Columbia. The Band was nomadic, subsisting through trapping and hunting. The reserve was used as the site of its summer campground; in the winter, the Band trapped further north. In 1940, the Band surrendered the mineral rights on its reserve to the Crown, in trust "to lease" for its benefit." Supreme Court of Canada ruling: