Presentations & Proceedings

Abstracts, transcripts or links for conference proceedings and presentations given regarding Aboriginal Mapping, including conferences the AMN has hosted. If you would like to submit information about a presentation, contact us.

2009 ESRI International User Conference Proceedings: Tribal Track

------------------------------------

UPDATE: Recent proceedings can be found here.

------------------------------------

An 'Effective' Involvement of Indigenous People in Environmental Impact Assessment

http://communicate.aag.org/eseries/aag_org/program/AbstractDetail.cfm?AbstractID=22028

Abstract Title:
An 'Effective' Involvement of Indigenous People in EnvironmentalImpact Assessment: The Cultural Impact Assessment of the Saru RiverRegion, Japan

is part of the Paper Session:
Japan: Comparative Perspectives on Education, Indigenous Peoples, Religion and Culture

scheduled on Friday, 3/27/09 at 8:00 AM.

Author(s):
Naohiro Nakamura* - University of Victoria

Abstract:
The Cultural Impact Assessment of the Saru River Region represents the first time that a site investigation was implemented in Japan in order to preserve an ethnic culture in relation to the construction of a dam. One of the project's basic concepts was to get local residents, especially those of Ainu ethnicity, to participate in the investigation. Existing case studies of environmental impact assessment have argued that the assessment has failed to sufficiently involve Indigenous people in its process and has largely failed to incorporate Indigenous knowledge, cultural values, and voices into its processes and outcomes. Also, intangible aspects of Indigenous cultural heritage have not been protected. In the Cultural Impact Assessment of the Saru River Region, the Final Report was released in 2006 and significantly included the 3 year investigation of input by local residents. In this sense, this assessment succeeded in effectively involving  indigenous people in its process and in reflecting their cultural values in its results. The more important issue is, however, how these results were included in the final outcomes. If Indigenous people have no power over final decision making, their involvement is not effective. This paper analyses the significance and unresolved problems involved in this overall assessment process.

Keywords:

cultural heritage, Indigenous people, dam construction, environmental imapct assessment, Ainu, Japan

Indigenous Spatial Knowledge (ISK) And GIS Data:Control And Access Issues For Indian Nations In The Untied States

L. A. Shanley, URISA 2005 Annual Conference / GIS In Addressing Conference Proceedings / Public Participation GIS Conference Proceedings, 2005

View Paper

Abstract

Ownership, control of and access to indigenous spatial knowledge (ISK) and geographic information systems (GIS) data are long-standing issues for Indian nations in the United States, but recent federal and state court decisions, changes in federal regulations, and the sophisticated data integration and analysis capacity of GIS software have brought these concerns to the forefront. Fundamental issues are at stake, including Indian nations’ rights and interests in their knowledge and resources,federal agencies’ authority and decision-making processes that affect those resources, and the public’s right to know. This research explores Indian nations’ concerns, and the legal and regulatory circumstances under which tribes’ spatial knowledge and GIS data may become accessible to third parties. To build trust and more effective working relationships, federal agencies and other organizations working with Indian nations will need to understand these issues and to develop guidelines for the ethical handling, protection and appropriate dissemination of spatial knowledge and GIS data shared by or created with Indian nations as part of these collaborations.

Reference Type: Conference Proceedings
Editor: Mark J. Salling
Conference Location: Kansas City, MO
Publisher: URISA
Date: October 9 – 12, 2005
Author Information: Land Information & Computer Graphics Facility (LICGF) and Gaylord Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, WI
Availability: View Paper