Papers

A list of Papers and Journal Articles related to Aboriginal Mapping. Please contact us if you know of, or would like to submit, a paper.

PLEASE NOTE: The Aboriginal Mapping Network is not promoting any of the following authors or their work.The intent of this page is to provide an overview of some of the available written materials.

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Using Spatial Information Technology to FuseTraditional Native and Modern Resource Management Strategies

Bryan A. Marozas
GIS Coordinator
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Albuquerque Area Office
P.O. Box 26567
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87125
(505) 346-7109
bryan_marozas@mail.doi.gov

Jhon Goes In Center
President
Innovative GIS Solutions, Inc.
Suite 300, 2000 S. College Ave.
Fort Collins, Colorado 80525
(970) 490-5900 Fax: 490-2300
jgic@innovativegis.com

Abstract: In the past, the tribal decision making process relied upon a valuable set of cultural and ecological knowledge to make resource management decisions. Today, tribes have begun to develop Integrated Resource Management Plans to help make informed resource management decisions. The premise of this paper is that these are two different resource management strategies. One is developed from tribal reference points throughout an aboriginal territory while the other is developed by land use planners within the extent of the reservation boundary. Due to the spatial nature of both management strategies, Geographic Information System (GIS) technology can be used to facilitate the inclusion of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in the tribal decision making process.

Paper presented at the "Circles of Wisdom" Historical Reminders - Contemporary Issues - U.S. Global Change Research Program - Native Peoples - Native Homelands - Climate Change Workshop on October 31, 1998. Albuquerque, New Mexico.

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Traditional Knowledge of the Ecology of Beluga Whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in the Northern Bering Sea, Chukotka, Russia

By Nikolaii Mymrin, the communities of Novoe Chaplino, Sireniki, Uelen, and Yanrakinnot, and Henry P. Huntington

Vol. 52, No. 1 (March 1999) p. 62–70, Arctic

Abstract:
The first systematic effort to document traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in Russia was conducted in the villages of Sireniki, Novoe Chaplino, Yanrakinnot, and Uelen, in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. The findings describe migratory and local movements, feeding, calving, ecological interactions, and human influences on distribution and behavior. The results add considerable detail to published accounts of belugas in Russian waters of the Bering and Chukchi Seas. Among these are descriptions of avoidance and habituation responses to anthropogenic noise, which appear to depend in part on association with hunting activities. The authors observe that most of the TEK documented in this study came from older hunters, and that the collective pool of traditional knowledge in the region is disappearing.

Key words:
beluga whales, white whales, Delphinapterus leucas, BeringSea, Chukchi Sea, Chukotka, ecology, traditional ecological knowledge, TEK

 

Full Text: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/arctic/Arctic52-1-62.pdf

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Observations on the Utility of the Semi-directive Interview for Documenting Traditional Ecological Knowledge

By Henry P. Huntington

Vol. 51, No. 3 (September 1998) p. 237–242, Arctic

Abstract:
Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) offers ecological information and insight relevant to ecological management and research that cannot be obtained from other sources. Its use is hindered by difficulties of access, in that TEK is typically not available to a wide audience. Documentation can overcome this obstacle, allowing TEK to be considered with other forms of easily disseminated information. This paper describes the author’s experience using the semi-directive interview to document TEK about beluga whales in Alaska. This method allows the participants as well as the researcher to guide the interview, so that associations made by the participant, and not just those anticipated by the researcher, are discussed. Using maps as the starting point for discussions with individuals or groups, the interviews covered expected topics, such as migration and feeding behavior, as well as unanticipated topics, such as the possible influence of beavers on beluga distribution. The primary research session was followed a year later by a review session to verify the accuracy of the draft report, add missing information, or remove information the publication of which might harm community interests. The author found the semi-directive interview to be an effective and powerful method for accurate and comprehensive documentation of TEK. It worked especially well in group interviews, which allowed participants to stimulate and validate each other.

Key words:
traditional ecological knowledge, TEK, semi-directive interview, documentation, beluga, Delphinapterus leucas

Full Text: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/arctic/Arctic51-3-237.pdf

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