Treaties can be an important legal vehicle for First Nations.

Treaty Related Policy Papers from the Union of BC Municipalities

The Union of British Columbia Municipalities has a list of policy papers about treaties and how they relate to municipalities at Featured Policy Topics: First Nations Relations:


The Agreements, Treaties and Negotiated Settlements (ATNS) project

The Agreements, Treaties and Negotiated Settlements (ATNS) project is an ARC Linkage project examining treaty and agreement-making with Indigenous Australians and the nature of the cultural, social and legal rights encompassed by past, present and potential agreements and treaties.


Six-Stage Treaty Negotiation Process

British Columbia Treaty Commission Agreement Six-Stage Treaty Process

The six-stage treaty process is set out in the BC Claims Task Force Report of 1991 and incorporated in the tripartite British Columbia Treaty Commission Agreement of 1992. The process is voluntary and open to all First Nations in British Columbia.

Stage 1 – Statement of intent to negotiate
Stage 2 – Readiness to negotiate
Stage 3 – Negotiation of a framework agreement
Stage 4 – Negotiation of an agreement in principle
Stage 5 – Negotiation to finalize a treaty
Stage 6 – Implementation of the treaty



British Columbia Treaty Commission

"The Treaty Commission is the independent and neutral body responsible for facilitating treaty negotiations among the governments of Canada, BC and First Nations in BC. The Treaty Commission does not negotiate treaties—that is done by the three parties at each negotiation table.

The Treaty Commission and the treaty process were established in 1992 by agreement among Canada, BC and the First Nations Summit. They are guided by those agreements and the 1991 Report of the BC Claims Task Force, which is the blueprint for the made-in-BC treaty process. The Treaty Commission and the six-stage treaty process were designed to advance negotiations and facilitate fair and durable treaties.

The Treaty Commission's primary role is to oversee the negotiation process to make sure that the parties are being effective and making progress in negotiations. In carrying out the recommendations of the BC Claims Task Force, the Treaty Commission has three roles—facilitation, funding and public information and education."