Important First Nations and/or resource-based legal cases.

Canadian Pacific Ltd. v. Matsqui Indian Band (1995)

"Amendments to the Indian Act enabled First Nations bands to pass their own by-laws for the levying of taxes against real property on reserve lands. The appellant bands each developed taxation and assessment by-laws which were implemented following the Minister's approval.


Blueberry River Indian Band v. The Queen (1995)

"In 1916 the Beaver Band of Indians entered into a treaty with the Crown. In exchange for surrendering aboriginal title, the Band was given a parcel of land in British Columbia. The Band was nomadic, subsisting through trapping and hunting. The reserve was used as the site of its summer campground; in the winter, the Band trapped further north.


Nikal v. The Queen (1996)

"Appellant is a native charged with fishing without a licence contrary to s. 4(1) of the British Columbia Fishery (General) Regulations. Native persons, although required to have a licence, were entitled to a free permit to fish for salmon in the manner they preferred. Appellant had been gaffing salmon in the Bulkley River where it flows through his reserve.


Lewis v. The Queen (1996)

"All three appellants, who are members of the Squamish Indian Band and reside at the Cheakamus Reserve, were charged with contravening the British Columbia Fishery (General) Regulations.